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* Ocular Anatomy And Function

* What Is A Cataract

* Symptoms And Diagnosis Of Cataract

* Treatment Of Cataract

* After Cataract Surgery

* Complications Of Cataract Surgery

* When To Make A Decision

* FAQ's About Cataract

Possible Complications.
Any surgery can have complications. Cataract surgery is no exception. Fortunately, most complications are very unusual and not serious but there are some rare complications that can result in a further loss of vision, or even loss of the eye.

First of all, complications can occur from the injection of local anesthesia. The most serious possible complications occur when the needle goes into the eye itself or into the optic nerve. Although this happens extremely rarely, it can lead to a permanent and severe loss of some or all vision.

Another complication that can occur during the surgery is called "loss of vitreous". As the cataract is being removed or just after it is removed, the vitreous gel from the center cavity of the eye can come through the opening in the pupil. If this happens some part of the vitreous has to be removed. Usually this is not a serious complication but it can cause problems later. In such cases, the intraocular lens may need to be placed in front of the iris instead of behind it.

Other, more rare complications can cause loss of vision or even loss of the eye, including infection, bleeding into the eye, dislocation or movement of the lens implant, glaucoma, a cloudy cornea, swelling of the retina (called cystoid macular edema), retinal detachment, and other problems. Fortunately, these complications are infrequent. Vision improves in approximately 95% of all cases. Less than 5% of the cases have no improvement or even a worsening of vision because of complications from the surgery because the eye has another problem not related to the cataract.

YAG laser treatment.

In about half of the cases the back part of the capsule of the lens eventually becomes cloudy and causes fogging or blurring of vision. This cloudiness may occur soon after the surgery or many years later. If the back part of the capsule becomes cloudy, YAG laser treatment can be done to clear it. The YAG laser treatment creates a hole in the capsule which allows light through. YAG laser treatment requires no hospitalization, is usually painless, and can be done in less than 15 minutes in your doctor's office or in an outpatient treatment center. YAG laser can cause the pressure in the eye to rise for a short time. In rare cases, swelling of the retina or retinal detachment can occur following YAG laser treatment. After YAG laser treatment is done you can return to normal activities right away.


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